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    9 Forms of Nonverbal Communication

    Number of Pages: 5


    Summary of the research paper:

    In five pages this paper examines nonverbal communication in a consideration of cultural impact and 9 forms such as silence, paralanguage, chronemics, personal space and proxemics, environment, artifacts, appearance, haptics, and kinesics. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

    Name of Research Paper File: D0_KTnvbcom.doc

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    is extremely beneficial to every person willing to become aware of the many different ways to use and interpret meaning outside of what is said. Burbules (1993), has identified  two forms of communication: The techne, which is the mechanical or technical skills involved, and the praxis or interactive dimension. In todays technical world, the techne is comprised of  an intricate maze of telephone, television and computer technology, all woven together to produce a myriad of available options available for communication. Praxis, according to Burbules, is what  defines and modulates human activity. It is the meaning derived from direct interaction between people. It includes the use of voice as well as the forms of non-verbal  behaviors such as kinesics, chronemics, oculescis and haptics (Andrews, 1993). In addition to these four are: physical appearance, artifacts, environmental factors, proxemics, paralanguage and silence. "If we  assume effective communication requires a sensitive reading of, and response to, the feelings of those with whom one communicates, the ability to decode facial expressions competently becomes an important communication  skill. In spite of that fact, emotion-receiving ability has been studied much less than the ability to express emotions. Proxemics, or the use of space to communicate, was  first defined by Edward Hall "in the 1950s and 1960s when he investigated mans use of personal space in contrast with fixed and semi-fixed feature space. Fixed feature is  what it is fixed has in unmovable boundaries. Semi-fixed is fixed boundaries that can be moved like furniture. Proxemics can be divided in two other ways, physical and  personal territory. Physical territory is like desks that are in front of the room of a classroom instead of center" (Sussman, 1998, cbpa.louisville.edu/bruce/mgmtwebs/commun_f98/Introduction.htm). Personal space is, of 

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