This four page paper compares and contrasts qualitative, quantitative, and interpretive research methodologies as they are utilized in these two disciplines. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
listed below. Citation styles constantly change, and these examples may not contain the most recent updates. A Comparison of Research Methodology in Sociology and Anthropology
Research Compiled by 10/2010 Please
Sociology and anthropology both focus on human behavior and interactions. The two disciplines, however, are quite distinct. Anthropology studies primarily indigenous peoples of certain areas or
time periods. Sociology, in contrast, is the study of the social interaction of all people, not just people who are distinct in one manner or another from others.
Interestingly, these disciplines often share research methodology. The purpose of this paper is to review three research methodologies. One, interpretive anthropological research, will be discussed exclusively in relation
to anthropology. Two other research methodologies, qualitative and quantitative research methodologies will be discussed in relation to both anthropology and sociology. While the philosophical justifications for each varies
in accordance to the specific discipline, they are each widely used methodologies in both disciplines. Research methodology for sociology is geared towards understanding
social structure such as families and institutions. Although it extends to past factors that affect us today, sociology is typically more focused on contemporary times. Bulmer contends that "sociology
is concerned with understanding the nature of social action, social relationships, and social structure" (p. 3). Because both anthropology and sociology
study people, they often share similar research methodologies. Research methodology for both anthropology and sociology often relies heavily on mathematical calculations. This is particularly the case for quantitative