• Research Paper on:
    African-American Youth Public Speaking And Community Relations

    Number of Pages: 30


    Summary of the research paper:

    A 30 page paper. The writer integrated the two by discussing public speaking and literacy and reporting opportunities provided to African-American and other youth in the community. The sections of the paper include an Introduction, identifying two questions for the review, methodology, literature review, suggestions for teaching public speaking, public speaking in the community and conclusion. Literacy data are included. Discussions include stereotyping, diversity, suggestion for different approach to citizenship education and other related discussions. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

    Name of Research Paper File: MM12_PGafpsp.RTF

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    Unformatted Sample Text from the Research Paper:
    the fear of death or having a serious disease (Cairns Toastmasters, 2007). It seems that speaking before a group is a cause for severe stress and the emergence of all  the physical and emotional reactions to that type of stress (Orman, 2007). It doesnt matter what the occasion is, such as a high school speech, a speech in college, at  work or at any organizational function, the stress and anxiety can leave a person physically ill (Kurtus, 2007). One student reported that when required to speak before a group,  she suffered blurred vision and would nearly black out (Hansen, 2008). Studies have shown that half of the students who suffer from extreme public speaking anxiety drop out of college  (Hansen, 2008). It doesnt even have to be a formal speech, students fear speaking out in class (Hansen, 2008). The problem is so prevalent that many colleges have initiated classes  specifically to help students overcome their anxiety about speaking in front of a group (Hansen, 2008). When an individual is in a situation where they face possible stereotyping because of  race, ethnicity or any other factor, that stress becomes even greater. Combining inherent fear of speaking in front of groups with the stress of being perceived according to some stereotype  may lead to African-Americans and others dropping out at even higher rates. We know that the high school graduation rates for many minority groups is already lower than that of  White students. BlackNews.com (2006) reported a major survey revealed that only 42.8 percent of African-Americans graduate from high school compared to 70.8 percent of White students (BlackNews.com, 2006). The same  report revealed a decrease in the number of African-American students who go on to post-secondary education (BlackNews.com, 2006). The Teagle Foundation (2006) reported that six-year college graduation rates for African-Americans 

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