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    Churchill, 1939-40

    Number of Pages: 3


    Summary of the research paper:

    A 3 page research paper that examines why Winston Churchill was out of power in 1939, yet prime minister of Great Britain in 1940. The writer relates this fact to Churchill's stance against German rearmament in the 1930s. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

    Name of Research Paper File: D0_khch3940.rtf

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    1914, he was seen as a "young man in a hurry" (Hopkins, 2003). He was perceived as both self-centered and somewhat excitable. Between 1914 and 1939, he evidenced an extroverted  personality and occasional lack of judgement, having to defend himself against errors at Antwerp and Gallipoli during World War I, British intervention in Russia and in India (Hopkins, 2003). However,  his star began to rise against shortly after he returned to high office as First Lord of the Admiralty in September of 1939 (Hopkins, 2003). Churchill was one of  the first leaders in British government to become alarmed as Germany rearmed itself throughout the 1930s (Keegan, 2002). However, he was virtually alone in this sentiment. Clement Attlee, the leader  of the Labor Party, told the House of Commons in July of 1934 that it could be generally said that Hitlers dictatorship was "breaking down" (Keegan, 2002, p. 118). This  self-delusion was "almost universal" among Britains political class in the early Hitler years (Keegan, 2002). While many British politicians privately agreed with Churchill that Germany constituted a potential threat, none  were willing to break ranks publicly. Keegan (2002) explains that loyalty to the code of ministerial authority is one of the "foundation stones of the British governmental system" (p. 119).  Nevertheless, as the 1930s wore on, the threat of Hitler became more and more evident. Leading officials began to secretly supply Churchill with information to subordinate his continued warnings concerning  Hitlers Germany (Keegen, 2002). In 1939, Hitler marched into Poland and Churchills worst fear began to materialize into fact. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who had been a firm  proponent of appeasement toward Germany until this point, declared war and offered Churchill a place in the war cabinet as First Lord of the Admiralty (Keegan, 2002). While Churchill 

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