• Research Paper on:
    Evolution of Intelligence & Visual / Auditory Development

    Number of Pages: 15


    Summary of the research paper:

    A 15 page research paper on language development in humans, auditory speech integration, visual audition, etc; A number of research studies and pertinent issues are analyzed in great detail. Bibliography lists 12+ sources.

    Name of Research Paper File: D0_Visulaud.doc

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    Unformatted Sample Text from the Research Paper:
    those who wish to compare pongids, such as chimpanzees and orangutans, to Homo sapiens, with the assumed intention of attempting to include pongids into full human legal and social status  for reasons of promoting antivivisectionism or furthering animal rights. Pongids have been used of late in movies and media presentations as nearly human and anthropomorphic as possible, but just a  little more hairy and not so bipedal. All pongids lack, it is assumed, is the ability to talk and walk like humans. With such a priori assumptions much psychological research  time, money and effort has gone into trying to make pongids talk or communicate with humans on a level where a pongid could communicate its sense of self or its  own psychology. In the earlier days of attempting to train apes to speak, such efforts only produced in one animal the ability to say four words: papa, mama, cup and  up. That failure was said to have been the product of anatomical defects in the vocal physiology of the pongids. Later, the Gardners using American Sign Language (ASL), trained  a chimpanzee named Washoe to sign words and arrange them in strings of up to four `words. Washoe, and then a young gorilla, Koko, was featured in national magazines  such as "Science" and "National Geographic." The media in such articles gave the impression that pongid communication, whether by ASL, pressing computer keys, or some other devices such as plastic  chips, was just around the corner and humans and pongids would be able to `talk to each other and find out what each was thinking on a personal level. Some  pongids, it was presented, had demonstrated the ability to recognize hundreds of objects, and arrange even abstract objects correctly into forced-choice positions of discrimination and the development of prepositional words 

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