This 8 page paper is the first chapter and a research proposal for an in-depth literature review which includes an expansion of what the HIV/AIDS virus is, how it is impacting on the structure of society as well as the direct and indirect physical and mental impact on the orphans. The bibliography cites 5 sources.
HIV/AIDS Orphans in Sub-Sahara Africa; Introduction and Research Proposal United Kingdom, . To Use This Report Correctly,
1. Introduction In this chapter we will look at the topic to be reviewed, why it is important and set the context of the study.
This will require an outline of why this study is important, the strengths and limitations as well as the definitions of the terms used and a general outline of the
problem. In this chapter we will also outline the problem of aids and consider the specific problems that this may have create for orphans in sub-Sahara Africa, set the
limits of the study and consider the constraints as well as consider how the remaining chapters may be presented. HIV, human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that is spread
though the exchange of bodily fluids, often through sexual activity, but it can also be passed from mother to child. HIV is the condition that will lead to AIDS; acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome. This is a condition for which there is no cure, and for most countries in sub-Sahara Africa the treatment to prolong life can be very costly. AIDS shortens
the life span of a sufferer by weakening attacking the lymphocytes T Cells1. These are the cells that will usually those that fight infection, when they are impaired infections are
more able to take hold and will eventually lead to death (Weiss, 2000). There are different variations of the HIV/AIDS virus; HIV-1 and HIV-2 are the main categories for which
there are also subcategories, HIV -2 is the most virulent and also leads to the lower survival times, it is this form that is common in Sub-Sahara Africa. The