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    Influence of Birth Order on Development and Life

    Number of Pages: 6


    Summary of the research paper:

    In a paper consisting of six pages the ways in which birth order can possibly influence an individual's life and development are examined. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

    Name of Research Paper File: LM1_TLCbrthO.doc

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    relationship between birth order and personal achievement, as well as personal development, noting that there are distinct characteristics associated to the first, middle and last child. Many sociologists have  attempted to pinpoint these respective idiosyncrasies, with findings indicative of quite singular attributes for each birth order child. According to Kevin Leman, author of The New Birth Order Book: Why  You Are the Way You Are, there is no question as to the variance of characteristics that exist between and among eldest, middle and youngest children. Inherent to the  older child are feelings of responsibility, pressure and obligation; the middle child experiences confusion and low self-esteem; and the last born child revels in the aspect of being the family  baby, readily coddled to the point of lacking the ability to emotionally or socially support him or herself (Leman, 1998). Frank J. Sulloway concurs with Leman that birth order represents  how an individual develops as a person, as well as how he or she functions in society. Author of Born to Rebel : Birth Order, Family Dynamics, and Creative  Lives, contends that there exists a significant struggle between firstborns (conservative, authoritarian and closed-minded) and later borns (liberal, rebellious, altruistic and open-minded). With such historically important people as Kepler,  Galileo, Newton, and Einstein having all been firstborns, Sulloways implication is that birth order in this particular case also equates with intelligence and perseverance (Sulloway, 1997).  The psychological twists and turns that middle children face in their maturation years can be both thrilling and traumatic at the same time. With the trials  and tribulations of Jan Brady firmly entrenched in the American psyche, one might have thought that the Middle Child Syndrome was nothing more than a spoiled brat acting out her 

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