This 6 page paper discusses the Lebanese Civil War with regard to the relationship of the "Palestine issue" to the conflict; the part played by sectarianism; and the influence of outside powers on the war. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Name of Research Paper File: D0_HVLebnon.rtf
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Prime Minister on February 14, 2005 is a sign of the continued unrest (Lebanon, 2005). This paper discusses the Lebanese Civil War with regard to the relationship of the
"Palestine issue" to the conflict; the part played by sectarianism; and the influence of outside powers on the war. Palestine Issue Lebanon, which borders Israel and Syria, found itself
home to over 110,000 Palestinian refugees who fled there from Israel after the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict; more refugees left Israel for Lebanon after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war; by 1975, there
were more than 300,000 Palestinians living in the country (Lebanon, 2005). The Palestinians were led by Yassir Arafat, president of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Lebanon, 2005). The refugees
who came to Lebanon after the 1948 conflict full expected that the Arabs would win the war, and they would go home to an "Arab Palestine" (Mullany, 1991, p. 44).
However, the Israelis won, leaving the Palestinian refugees "stranded in Lebanon, Jordan and Syria" (Mullany, 1991, p. 44). The nations that harbored the refugee populations resettled them in
camps, and it was out of the camps that the resistance grew (Mullany, 1991). While Syria policed the camps "very strictly," both Lebanon and Jordan were much more relaxed
in their policies, partly because other Arab nations pressured them into leaving the Palestinians free to pursue their attacks against Israel (Mullany, 1991, p. 44). In 1970, King Hussein
of Jordan suppressed the PLO there after an attempted coup, which left Lebanon as the "main base of PLO activities against Israel" (Mullany, 1991, p. 44). This agreement (i.e.,
to leave the PLO alone) was codified in the Cairo Agreement of 1969, "which represented a compromise between the Sunnis and the Maronites in the government" (Mullany, 1991, p. 44).