An 8 page research paper that is a follow-up paper to khrsaacs.rtf, which offered a guide to the developing the first three chapters for a proposed research study on absenteeism in the early grades. This paper offers a guide to formulating research questions on this topic, definitions of terms and a literature review. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Name of Research Paper File: D0_khrqdtlr.rtf
Unformatted Sample Text from the Research Paper:
the elementary grades? 3. How does illness affect absenteeism and can this factor be addressed through interventions? 4. Does the literature offer recommendations and strategies for addressing this problem
that are empirically proven? Definitions of Terms Chronic Absenteeism - Being absent from school in excess of 18 days (Breaoen, 2007). Excused absence - When an absence is
due to illness, injury, a death in the family, or another legitimate reason acknowledged by school policy for being absent from school. A note from a parent/guardian or a doctor
is typically required for these absences and missed work must be made up by the student. Unexcused absence - When an absence from school does not meet one of
the above criteria. Literature Review Research on absenteeism and truancy in regards to middle and high school students has long established the negative effect that school absences have on
academic performance and achievement; however, there has been relatively little research conducted in regards to absenteeism in the early school years (Romero and Lee, 2007). However, there is significant evidence
that in the elementary grades, as in later grades, absenteeism has a negative effect on learning that can be correlated with later absenteeism as well. The "National Portrait of Chronic
Absenteeism in the Early Grades," compiled by Romero and Lee (2007) for the Columbia Universitys National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) reports that "14% of kindergartners, 12% of first
graders, 11% of third graders and 10% of fifth graders" could be considered at risk for absenteeism and that "one-quarter of all kindergarten children were either at-risk or chronic absentees"
(Romero and Lee, 2007). In general, at all grade levels, there is an inverse relationship between family income levels and absentee rates, as children from low-income and poor families