• Research Paper on:
    Wage and Labor Issues in Baseball in the US From 1900

    Number of Pages: 3


    Summary of the research paper:

    This 3 page paper looks at Wage and labor issues in baseball in the US from 1900 to present times discussing the main issues pertaining to wage and labor issues over that time frame, including actions of the union, the impact of the reserve clause, strikes, lockouts, increases in wages and pension contribution and the shift of power in the employment relationship. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

    Name of Research Paper File: TS14_TEbaseball.rtf

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    Unformatted Sample Text from the Research Paper:
    general employment relationship trends. By the beginning of the twentieth century there were had already been work stoppages, but the players were the weak partner in the employment relationship.  At the beginning of the twentieth century the players were bound to the clubs they played for with an old fashioned system called the reserve clause. This tied players to  a team, meaning that they could be paid low wages with the owners taking the majority of the profit. As a result the salaries were very low. In terms  of the employment relationship the beginning of the twentieth century is fairly uneventful. 1920 the bar on black players playing in the major leagues was lifted. Thje general conditions were  poor for the players, where complaints were filed with the National Labor Relations board they did not receive fair treatment and the employers had all of the power (Lahman, 1996).  The first major change occurs in 1965 when the Major League Baseball Players Association decided to take a more proactive stand (Ask Yahoo,  2002). For the past thirty years this players union had played only a small role collecting pension contributions and administering the pension scheme. The players were fed up with  low wages, especially as the revenue for baseball were increasing with the televising of games (Lahman, 1996). To undertake this battle the union called in an expert; Marvin Miller, a  veteran of the steelworkers union and accomplished labor organizer. The initial motivation may have been the level of the wages, but when Miller looked at the condition of the players  he saw the need to improve conditions as well as wages (Lahman, 1996). When the battle began the minimum wage for the players was $6,000 a year, this was a 

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