• Research Paper on:
    English Words Borrowed from Italian

    Number of Pages: 6


    Summary of the research paper:

    In six pages this report discusses how such Italian words as inferno, umbrella, terracotta, stucco, basilica, violin, grotto, opera, piano, motto, broccoli, vendetta, fresco, regatta, arsenal, cameo, and gondola have found their way into the English language. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

    Name of Research Paper File: D0_BWitaeng.rtf

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    Unformatted Sample Text from the Research Paper:
    with the popular television show "The Sopranos" or any particular affinity for Italian food (although both have certainly contributed to the common awareness of Italian in English). Instead, the Italian  culture as represented by countless Italian immigrants and their descendants have resulted in California teenagers asking one another capice?, housewives in Minnesota muttering mama mia, tough guys in Idaho describing  a beautiful woman as bella. Italian words have not necessarily been "loaned" to the English language in America as much as they have been appropriated. Who hasnt at sometime said  the word ciao as they leave a party and say "goodbye"? Italian Transplants It is the rare American child who does not know what pizza, pasta (especially spaghetti), or  macaroni are and what types of each they like best. It is worth mentioning that in reference to food, that only the Italian words "in English" serve to fully explain  what a particular dish might be. For example, what other words could be used to describe "fettucini alfredo" other than fettucini alfredo? But in other examples of the use of  Italian words as part of the English language, many words of Italian origin have been incorporated into the English language over the years. Some of these include gondola, cameo, arsenal,  regatta, fresco, studio, vendetta, broccoli, motto, piano, opera, grotto, violin, volcano, basilica, stucco, terra-cotta, umbrella, and inferno. In music, one finds numerous Italian words, such as concerto, sonata, tempo, aria,  allegro, staccato, andante, and lento. Other words such as macho, prima donna, or gusto are also remarkably commonplace in describing a person or action. According to Keller (2001) other  Italian words that are most often attributed to Italian American immigrants and which have become a part of common English usage include: cappuccino, espresso, linguini, Mafioso, pasta, pizza, ravioli, spaghetti, 

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