• Research Paper on:
    Incontinence Among Elderly In Nursing Homes - A Proposal

    Number of Pages: 5


    Summary of the research paper:

    A 5 page paper that offers a research study proposal. Sections include the introduction, problem statement and rationale, outline of methodology, and literature review. The introduction discusses the four categories of incontinence. The incidence of incontinence among the elderly residing in nursing homes is greater than fifty percent. That makes it an important condition to investigate, particularly since studies have found at least 80 percent of incontinence cases can be improved or cured. One of the first-line treatment interventions is bladder training. The literature review emphasizes this particularly intervention. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

    Name of Research Paper File: MM12_PGincon.rtf

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    the urinary tract (Mercy Medical Center, 2002). There are four categories of incontinence: 1. stress, which is brought on by laughing, coughing, running or lifting objects. The sphincter muscles  weaken as a person ages and the capacity of the bladder is reduced (Mercy Medical Center, 2002; Merck, nd). 2. urge incontinence is also referred to as a hyperactive  or irritable bladder and is caused by the detrusor muscle malfunctioning during the bladder filling stage with the result being leakage. The patient is unable to control the urge to  urinate (Mercy Medical Center, 2002; Merck, nd). About two-thirds of the elderly who are incontinent fit into this category (Mercy Medical Center, 2002). 3. overflow happens when the bladder does  not empty completely. In many cases the muscles around the bladder are not operating correctly (Mercy Medical Center, 2002; Merck, nd). 4. functional incontinence happens when the patient has another  illness, mental or physical disability that impairs urination (Mercy Medical Center, 2002; Merck, nd). Incontinence is the symptom, not the disease (Mercy Medical Center, 2002). About 40 percent of  all incontinence falls into one or more of the identified categories. The rest of the cases are related to specific illnesses (Mercy Medical Center, 2002). It is estimated that 13  to 18 million adults suffer from incontinence at some time or other (Mercy Medical Center, 2002; Thom, 1998). That figure is low because this is a condition that is underreported  to doctors (Mercy Medical Center, 2002). More than half of all nursing home residents are incontinent (Merck, nd; Brandeis et al, 1997). Women are far more likely to be  incontinent then men, in fact, six out of seven elderly adult incontinence occurs in women (Mercy Medical Center, 2002). In fact, incontinence is often the reason the elderly are placed 

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