• Wilson's Fourteen Points

    Pages: 6

    6 pages in length. President Wilson's Fourteen Points, gleaned from his famous 1918 speech, were created as a model of peace for all to follow. However, many believe Wilson's Fourteen Points were nothing but a smokescreen to cover up his ineptitude to safely govern the country. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

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    for alliance over and above armed conflict, accord rather than hate. Wilsons Fourteen Points called for open covenants of peace; absolute freedom of ocean navigation; removal of all economic  barriers; adequate guarantees "that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety" (Wilson, 1918); a completely open-minded and impartial adjustment of all colonial claims; evacuation  and restoration of all Russian and Belgium territory; the freeing of all French territory; readjustment of Italys frontiers; freedom to Austria-Hungary peoples; evacuation and restoration of Rumania, Serbia and Montenegro;  secure sovereignty for the Ottoman Empires Turkish division; the creation of an independent Polish state; and "a general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose  of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike" (Wilson, 1918). However, many believe Wilsons Fourteen Points were nothing but a smokescreen  to cover up his ineptitude to safely govern the country. The European conflict brought with it great many questions pertaining to the future  aspect of peace. Wilson contemplated Americas participation within "a future world order" (Nordholt, 1991, p. 210), ultimately addressing his concerns with his Peace Without Victory speech. Nordholt (1991)  reflects a president who was adamant about creating a world where alliance was "the organized major force of mankind" (p. 210). It was a concept Wilson truly wanted to  see come to fruition: a "peace among equals" (Nordholt, 1991, p. 210) where a community of power would take over for what once was a balance of power. Although  Wilson was sold on this arrangement, the people were less than enthusiastic. On the surface, foreign affairs were as critically important to the 

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